Veroia – Edessa – Loutra Pozar
Pieria Rent A Car takes us to Veria.
Veria belongs to Macedonia, is the seat of the Municipality of Veria and holds the role of capital in the prefecture of Imathia in Central Macedonia. It is built at the foot of Vermio. Veria is famous for its traditional and classical architecture in its old neighborhoods and its numerous Byzantine and post-Byzantine churches.
Veria – Archaeological Sites and Museums
Veria is surrounded by archaeological sites and museums. It is almost impossible to find yourself in this place and not happen to see, even by accident, any of the ancient treasures of the city.
The Step of Apostle Paul is a historical monument of world renown and interest and a source of religious tourism for Veria. Every time of year, in cold or heat, people from every corner of the earth visit Veria to see up close the footsteps of the tour of Apostle Paul. He shared and taught his knowledge in Veria in the 1st century A.D. and was happy by the warm welcome of its inhabitants and the commitment of the citizens to his word continued his journey. At his monument, in his honor, every year a festive event takes place in June, entitled “Paulia“.
Veria also hosts many Byzantine Churches. It is known to all that Veria has numerous Byzantine and post-Byzantine churches (some 48 churches are saved to this day from 72, with the result that they also characterize it as a small Jerusalem), as well as the collections of Byzantine icons that inhabit them are many and admirable. The most common temple is that of the Savior’s Resurrection or else the “Church of Christ”. Other equally important churches are the church of Saints Peter and Paul, in the 11th century, The Holy Kirikos and Juliet, in the 16th century and St. John the Theologian, in the 13th century.
The old Metropolis, Hunkiar Jashimi, The Kazakchi and Orta mosque are some of the old churches that the Turks converted into mosques with their settlement in Veria (15th century). A newer mosque, dating back to the mid-19th century, is the Mendrese mosque, named after the adjacent mendresé, the Muslim seminary.
When visiting Veria, together with Pieria Rent A Car, don’t forget to take a look at the Jewish Synagogue. In the heart of the Jewish Quarter, in Veria, in Barbuta, lives the stone building of the Synagogue of the Jews, with an ornate and jealous interior decoration. Micve still remains behind her today. A religious bathhouse, which unlike the Christian districts, which had the church in the middle, was on the same line as their houses. Now only they maintain it as it is closed and opens only when Jews travel and come to pray. In the same building, the Apostle Paul taught and preached when he visited Veria in 51 and 57 AD.
Veria – Museums
The Byzantine Museum of Veria is also housed in Veria. This museum resides in a strict and imposing listed industrial building of 1911, also known as the “Milos of Mark”, which is located on the edge of the traditional district of Kyriotissa right next to the ancient wall of the city.
The exhibits are housed on three floors, totaling 720 square meters, with each floor being a separate thematic section of the permanent exhibition of the museum. Impressive portable images frescoes from temples and buildings of the area, mosaic floors, architectural sculptures, marble inscriptions, pottery works and small crafts as well as coins, manuscripts and burial finds compose the rare collection of the permanent exhibition of the Byzantine Museum of Veria. The permanent collection of the museum in Veria represents in the best way the glorious history of the city and proves that Veria was a regional Metropolis of the Byzantine Empire in the heart of Macedonia.
The Byzantine Museum of Veria presents the prosperity in Veria during the Byzantine era in every detail.
In Veria you can turn the golden pages of Greek history one by one, only with a tour of the Archaeological Museum of Veria.
Pieria Rent A Car takes us to the Archaeological Museum in Veria, which hosts finds from the archaeological sites of the prefecture of Imathia, which date back to Hellenistic and Roman times. The warehouse of the museum, of course, hides within it an priceless and rare treasure, a multitude of great finds and discoveries from prehistoric times (New Nicomedia) and the Iron Age (Vergina Tomb Cemetery).
With a leisurely walk in the museum’s garden, one can admire the huge number of tombstones and honorary altars, as well as various types of inscriptions. The most important exhibit of the Museum is an inscription with its “Gymnasium” law in Veria, the regulatory text, that is, the operation of the Gymnasium of the ancient city.
The Museum building in Veria is ground floor, and consists of three rooms with exhibits and monuments. The first site of the Museum includes finds from burial sets of Hellenistic times, such as vases, jewels, weapons, but also a plaque depicting the chamber tomb in Veria. Sculptures such as vases, figurines and inscriptions from the Hellenistic era are exhibited in the second room of the Museum. In the Third and Last Room you will be enchanted by the sculptures, portraits, figurines and jewels of Roman times.
Pieria Rent A Car begins a journey through history, giving the opportunity to feel the awe and emotion in the face of the greatness of the past.
Then visit the Museum of Education in Veria, which operates a permanent exhibition, which presents the evolution of its education and teaching tools in Greece, from the times of waxed signs, parchments, ancient ink and warts to the era of quads, desks and computers.
Also, the Museum of Modern History and Art, also known as “Vlachoyanios”, uniquely exhibits the flourishing of art and the progress of modern history in this place.
Vergina The famous Vergina is a small town in Macedonia. It is located in the prefecture of Imathia, so it belongs to the region of Central Macedonia. It’s very close to Veria, just 13 kilometers away. It is located at the foot of the Pieria Mountains, at an altitude of 120 meters from the sea.
Vergina is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It became known in 1977, after a University Excavation of the Aristotle University, under the professor of archaeology Manolis Andronikos and their collaborators. The burial sites of the Macedonian kings and among the other tombs and a burial monument were discovered, which according to Andronikos’s argument was of King Philip II, father of Alexander the Great. The discovery of these findings is considered by many to have certified the location of the ancient city of Aegi, the first capital of the Macedonian kingdom.
One of the greatest finds and world-famous discovery is the Vergina Sun or Vergina Star. As mentioned above in a previous article, Pieria Rent A Car takes us to one of the most famous finds in Greek history.
If we look closely at this symbol, we can clearly distinguish sixteen rays and the wheel. It was carved in a golden Larnaca, which they found in the Royal Tomb of Philip II. In Larnaca, Olympiados there is a variation of the sun of Vergina with 12 rays.
Archaeologists have not fully understood even today the importance of the symbol. Some versions are that it was a solar symbol, symbol of Macedonia, emblem of the Argentine dynasty of Philip, a religious symbol representing the 12 Gods of Olympus (Greek National Religion), or a decorative design.
Sixteen, twelve and eight-year-old Suns are often presented in Macedonian and Hellenistic coins and shields of the period but also in findings from the wider Greek world (Great Greece and Asia Minor), as early as the 6th century BC, as well as in illustrations of Athenian soldiers but also in coins, from island to mainland Greece, simply decorative element. After the discovery of Andronikos the symbol began to be associated with the Ancient Macedonians, despite its original decorative use in Greek art.
Ancient Edessa The fortified city of Hellenistic, Roman and early Christian times included part of the citadel, where part of the later Byzantine quarter of Varosi is located, and the area of the lower city, which is known as the Loggos location.
The excavations have brought to light a part of the lower city, as well as much of the wall with its various gates, from which quite well kept the north, the south and the east. Within the city is preserved a main road that started from the south gate and was surrounded by columns that were placed there at a later stage, as they belonged to older buildings. One of them bears liberating inscriptions of slaves to the Edessian goddess Ma.
On either side of the main road, in Edessa, remains of buildings belonging mainly to the late phase of the city’s life, the early Christian, and functioned as shops of various kinds, storage areas, military facilities and residences. To the east and west of the main road there are lanes that led to other parts of the city. Outside the city walls are preserved its cemeteries with finds from the archaic to the early Christian years, while just outside the northern part of the walls are preserved the remains of an early Christian basilica.
Waterfalls One of the beautiful natural phenomena in Edessa are its waterfalls. This phenomenon was created after a strong earthquake that struck the surrounding area in the 14th century, which created over the years many important changes in the morphology of Edessa, due to a smaller scale of earthquakes.
In Edessa the waterfalls are the main attraction of visitors to the city and are one of the most important attractions in the whole of Greece. Her waterfalls are 12. Unfortunately, only four are visible, as the rest hide behind the lush vegetation and cannot be easily seen.
The waterfalls of Edessa were formed in the 14th century after a geological or weather phenomenon. Initially the bulk of the water was held in a basin west of the city, where after that they began to pass through the city and fall spectacularly from its rock resulting in the creation of many small rivers and at the same time the abolition of the lake from which they came.
At the end of the 19th century, in Edessa, several factories were built on the rock of the city as the waterfalls could be used in terms of electricity generation at no cost, which is important for their sustainability. A total of 5 large textile factories and several workshops and tanneries were erected. Each plant used a waterfall to achieve production and create an autonomous electricity system.
After the war and the re-establishment of the Municipality of Edessa, the space passes into the hands of the state. The Municipality of Edessa hires synergy and gardeners for the regeneration and promotion of the area where large gardens and paths are constructed. A station along the way was in 1953 when the municipal restaurant called “PITSINES” began to operate on the islet between the two large waterfalls. Until the beginning of 1960, access points and “belvedere” points were constructed so that the visitor could reach out safely.
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Pozar The Loutropolis
The facilities in Pozar Baths, the whole complex are organized in a small spa town with hotels, swimming pools, changing rooms, restaurants, bars, offering every possible service to the bathers. Today, projects are under way that take advantage of the special natural beauty and attractions of the area such as:
- The Gorge of Loutra and the surrounding mountainous area, which is ideal for walks, mountaineering or excursions.
- The cavernous park of Loutra.
- Local products and textiles.
Loutraki Baths or Pozar Baths are gushing at an altitude (360-390 m). They are created by rainwater that penetrates the ground and reaches a great depth, where it is heated, rises higher and in its course is enriched with metals and other components. The therapeutic properties of water are recommended for diseases of the circulatory and respiratory system, rheumatism, gynecological and skin diseases. It is also indicated for liver, kidney, bile, digestive and urinary tract diseases.
In Pozar Baths, the gorge stretches from the Greek border to Loutra. The stream is located in a unique beauty area, with rich wild and unspoiled vegetation and waterfalls. Paved paths, terraces and alleys, extend parallel to the hot water, but also with the river with the frozen, gurgling water. Specially designed wooden bridges help the visitor to follow the mountain paths and reach the caves.
Turkish bath:Baths, hammams and swimming pools: Pozar Baths is an organized destination for those who want to combine rest, relaxation and stimulation with the healing properties of thermal waters. There are fully organized and landscaped indoor pools, hammams and jacuzzis. In all, through pipelines, large quantities of hot, running water are channeled, which is constantly renewed. There are changing rooms and toilets to change before and after your bathrooms.
There are 6 different swimming pools in closed facilities in Pozar Baths. Others with modern and others with graphic style offer relaxation and stimulation to the body and soul. The special thing about these swimming pool is that they have pebbles at the bottom that create a natural element. Swimming pools In our new facilities are hosted the swimming pools.
The water in them, in Pozar Baths, is channeled either by high-flow pipelines or by artificial waterfalls. Decorated with mosaics and tile, they are the most modern and luxurious baths. Jacuzzi and spa Jacuzzis and spas are located in separate rooms. The water supply to them is pressurized and the thermal, hot water is constantly renewed. Their capacity is for one or two people.
In the green mountains of Pozar Baths, you can hike, hike, climb and trekking. With endless magical routes on known and recorded paths but also on unknown, pristine routes, you will feel the magic of Greek nature. Baths is a favorite destination for mountaineering and naturalistic clubs, from all over Greece. In collaboration with the mountaineering club Aridaia, excursions are organized in the mountains of the region.
Skiing, mountain bike, 4×4 and moto cross routes. Mountaineering, climbing and downhill, trekking, rafting, canoeing, flora and fauna monitoring are some of the activities you can do in Pozar Baths and in the surrounding area. Trips by jeep on the mountain roads to get to know nature. Those who want to test their driving skills and reach the extremes, there are special uneven terrain routes especially for 4×4.
For nature lovers, sports men and active, in Pozar Baths, mountain bike is a hobby that fits perfectly with the landscape. Quiet and quiet routes on the slopes of the mountains can be followed by those who seek tranquility but also to get to know the environment. Steep and hard-to-miss routes await those looking for adrenaline and extreme sports. On the river “Moglenitsa”, in Krania Pellis, the H2O team organizes rafting descents with inflatable and canoeing.
In unique, pristine places, experience the adventure and test your limits. Ride. Get to know these wonderful animals. Feel like carefree riders riding. Equestrian groups exist in Aridaia and Orma. Whether you are experienced or inexperienced, you can test your riding skills with trained horses and trainers – guides, offering unprecedented experience to adults and children.